Covid 19 created a shift in the use of public and private transport. For example, Dublin City Council implemented Covid Mobility measures, increasing cycle lanes and the width of pavements by decreasing access for private car use, many of which are still in place despite the lifting of travel restrictions. As of April 2022, bus and rail journeys across the country are still below pre Covid-19 levels with journeys for the week commencing 24th April at 77 per cent of journeys undertaken in March 2020. This is the highest level since March 2020. Rail travel (includes Intercity and DART services) in particular are still low, with journeys only reaching 63 per cent of pre Covid-19 levels. Luas journeys increased by 86 per cent between the beginning of January 2022 to the end of April but are still also below pre Covid-19 levels. Many may still be working from home meaning less commuters. 
Infrastructure must be in place to support thinly populated areas to grow and thrive, while those living in Dublin and surrounds, with access to an extensive public transport network, should be encouraged and incentivised to use it. We must look at measures implemented due to Covid-19, particularly in relation to walking tracks and cycling lanes, and work towards making these a more permanent transport feature.
 Central Statistics Office. (2020). National Travel Survey 2019. Dublin: Central Statistics Office.
 Central Statistics Office. (2021). Transport Omnibus 2020. Dublin: Central Statistics Office.
 Irish Government Economic and Evaluation Service. (2021). Transport Trends 2020. An Overview of Ireland’s Transport Sector. Dubin: IGEES.
 Central Statistics Office. (2022). Transport Bulletin May 2022. Central Statistics Office.